When to Refer a Student for Personal Counseling

General Guidelines

A referral is usually indicated when:

  1. A student's problem or request exceeds your level of personal comfort or expertise.
  2. A student is becoming over-reliant or dependent on you.
  3. You think your personal feelings about the student will interfere with your objectivity.
  4. A student is reluctant to discuss a problem with you.
  5. You lack sufficient time to listen effectively to the student.
  6. When you feel your attempts to help have not been effective or are not enough.

Faculty/staff should use discretion and maintain student's privacy in all interactions; however, we strongly recommend that you not promise "confidentiality" to your students.

Specific Considerations for Making a Successful Referral

There are many possible indicators that a student could benefit from a referral to the Counseling Center. The following is a partial list of signs that might alert a faculty/staff member to make a referral. It is often more useful to look for clusters of signs appearing at the same time rather than over-interpreting single/isolated incidents. In addition, it is important to recognize that personal counseling assistance is not limited to those students in crisis or with severe disturbances.

Stated Need for Help

  • The need may be stated directly or indirectly (e.g., through a writing assignment)

Traumatic Changes in Personal Relationships

Substance Abuse/Addictive Behavior

Unusual Appearance

  • Swollen or red eyes
  • A change in personal hygiene or dress
  • Dramatic weight loss or gain

Behavioral Concerns

  • Sudden and dramatic decline in academic performance
  • Requests for special consideration, especially if the student is uncomfortable talking about the circumstances prompting the request
  • Unusual or exaggerated emotional response to events
  • Depressed or lethargic mood
  • Incapacitating and irrational test anxiety
  • Social isolation, withdrawal from usual social interaction
  • Disruptive behavior
  • Irrational worrying or expressions of fear

References to Suicide and Other Urgent Concerns

Regardless of circumstances or context, any reference to suicide, threat of suicide or attempt at suicide must be taken seriously. Contact a personal counselor for consultation if you have any questions about how to handle references to suicide made in a writing assignment or journal, or in any other context. If references are made that include the how, when, or where of committing suicide, then immediate referral is necessary. If you are on the Bedford Campus please call Dyan Darcey (x3637). If you are on the Lowell campus please call Marie Sims (x3258). The Student Support Services Assistant will then contact an appropriate SAIT (Student Assessment and Intervention Team) member who will address the situation. If the student is in immediate danger and leaves the premises, contact MCC Public Safety at: Bedford (781) 589-0234 or Lowell (781) 589-1384. If you are not immediately successful connecting with Public Safety, call 911 if necessary.

Other urgent concerns may involve disturbances in thoughts, feelings, or actions so severe that an immediate response (see above procedures) is needed. They may include: confusion, disorientation, hallucinations, or delusions and/or a threat of violence or imminent harm to others.

If you have any concerns about a student's emotional well-being, consult with a personal counselor as soon as possible.

Last Modified: 1/3/20